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地球上辐射最大的地方是哪?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年06月20日 11:49:19
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(  近)(日)(,YouTube上)(一)(段)(关)(于)(世)(界)(上)(辐)(射)(最)(高)(地)(点)(的)(短)(片)(火)(了)(起)(来)(。片)(中)(,一)(位)(外)(国)(小)(哥)(亲)(身)(探)(秘)(了)(那)(些)(广)(为)(人)(知)(的)(辐)(射)(地)(点)(如)(切)(尔)(诺)(贝)(利)(、福)(岛)(核)(电)(站)(等)(,并)(且)(给)(出)(了)(究)(竟)(哪)(里)(的)(辐)(射)(最)(高)(的)(结)(论)(。
  什)(么)(是)(辐)(射)(?
  辐)(射)(,是)(指)(由)(场)(源)(发)(出)(的)(电)(磁)(能)(量)(中)(的)(一)(部)(分)(脱)(离)(场)(源)(向)(远)(处)(传)(播)(,而)(后)(再)(返)(回)(场)(源)(的)(现)(象)(,能)(量)(以)(电)(磁)(波)(或)(粒)(子)(的)(形)(式)(向)(外)(扩)(散)(。
  自)(然)(界)(中)(的)(一)(切)(物)(体)(,只)(要)(温)(度)(在)(绝)(对)(温)(度)(零)(度)(以)(上)(,都)(以)(电)(磁)(波)(和)(粒)(子)(的)(形)(式)(时)(刻)(不)(停)(地)(向)(外)(传)(送)(热)(量)(,这)(种)(传)(送)(能)(量)(的)(方)(式)(被)(称)(为)(辐)(射)(。
  辐)(射)(对)(人)(体)(有)(害)(吗)(?
  一)(般)(情)(况)(下)(,人)(们)(通)(常)(谈)(辐)(色)(变)(。但)(其)(实)(,只)(有)(极)(少)(数)(的)(几)(种)(辐)(射)(才)(会)(对)(人)(体)(健)(康)(造)(成)(不)(可)(挽)(回)(的)(损)(伤)(。对)(人)(体)(有)(害)(的)(辐)(射)(包)(括)(但)(不)(限)(于)(:核)(辐)(射)(、γ射)(线)(、紫)(外)(线)(、高)(剂)(量)(的)(电)(磁)(辐)(射)(等)(。
  视)(频)(中)(,小)(哥)(通)(过)(使)(用)(盖)(格)(计)(数)(器)(进)(行)(检)(测)(,发)(现)(我)(们)(日)(常)(生)(活)(中)(常)(见)(的)(物)(体)(所)(释)(放)(出)(的)(辐)(射)(几)(乎)(可)(以)(忽)(略)(不)(计)(。
  那)(么)(,真)(正)(能)(对)(人)(体)(产)(生)(损)(害)(的)(辐)(射)(究)(竟)(存)(在)(与)(那)(些)(地)(方)(呢)(?让)(我)(们)(跟)(随)(小)(哥)(的)(镜)(头)(一)(起)(探)(询)(吧)(。
  Ps:下)(文)(中)(所)(用)(的)(微)(西)(弗)(为)(放)(射)(性)(剂)(量)(单)(位)(,1西)(弗)(=1000毫)(西)(弗)(,1毫)(西)(弗)(=1000微)(西)(弗)(。人)(体)(一)(次)(性)(遭)(受)(4000毫)(西)(弗)(即)(瞬)(间)(死)(亡)(。
  1、日)(本)(广)(岛)(
  在)(广)(岛)(,有)(一)(所)(建)(筑)(叫)(和)(平)(圆)(顶)(。二)(战)(时)(期)(,美)(国)(在)(这)(里)(投)(下)(了)(人)(类)(历)(史)(上)(首)(次)(应)(用)(于)(战)(争)(的)(原)(子)(弹)(。时)(隔)(70年)(后)(的)(今)(天)(,广)(岛)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(为)(0.3微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(。
  2、捷)(克)(铀)(矿)(
  这)(座)(铀)(矿)(废)(弃)(已)(久)(,当)(年)(这)(里)(曾)(经)(被)(居)(里)(夫)(人)(用)(来)(获)(取)(研)(究)(所)(用)(的)(原)(材)(料)(。在)(废)(弃)(之)(后)(,这)(里)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(仍)(然)(达)(到)(了)(1.7微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(。
  3、居)(里)(夫)(人)(故)(居)(
  在)(居)(里)(夫)(人)(故)(居)(中)(,小)(哥)(对)(居)(里)(夫)(人)(经)(常)(接)(触)(的)(门)(把)(手)(以)(及)(座)(椅)(背)(部)(进)(行)(了)(检)(测)(,这)(里)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(达)(到)(了)(1.35微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(。
  4、新)(墨)(西)(哥)(州)(三)(一)(试)(验)(场)(
  这)(里)(是)(世)(界)(上)(第)(一)(颗)(原)(子)(弹)(进)(行)(爆)(炸)(试)(验)(的)(场)(所)(,在)(爆)(炸)(中)(心)(,小)(哥)(发)(现)(了)(爆)(炸)(瞬)(间)(高)(温)(形)(成)(的)(玻)(璃)(化)(沙)(子)(。检)(测)(发)(现)(,这)(里)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(为)(0.8微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(。而)(玻)(璃)(化)(沙)(子)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(甚)(至)(达)(到)(了)(3微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(!
5、飞)(机)(
  在)(日)(常)(生)(活)(中)(,人)(们)(不)(可)(避)(免)(的)(要)(接)(触)(的)(交)(通)(工)(具)(之)(一)(就)(是)(飞)(机)(。由)(于)(高)(空)(中)(的)(空)(气)(稀)(薄)(,辐)(射)(也)(会)(逐)(渐)(变)(强)(。
飞)(机)(低)(空)(时)(
  当)(飞)(行)(高)(度)(处)(于)(18000英)(尺)(时)(,辐)(射)(剂)(量)(为)(0.5微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(;23000英)(尺)(时)(,辐)(射)(剂)(量)(则)(上)(升)(至)(1微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(;继)(续)(上)(升)(至)(30000英)(尺)(时)(,辐)(射)(剂)(量)(直)(接)(翻)(倍)(变)(为)(2微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(。
飞)(机)(高)(空)(时)(
  在)(飞)(机)(上)(受)(到)(辐)(射)(最)(大)(是)(在)(飞)(往)(两)(级)(时)(,这)(时)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(已)(经)(达)(到)(了)(3微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(。
飞)(机)(飞)(向)(两)(极)(时)(
  6、福)(岛)(核)(电)(站)(
  2011年)(3月)(11日)(,日)(本)(发)(生)(里)(氏)(9.0级)(大)(地)(震)(并)(引)(发)(海)(啸)(。这)(场)(地)(震)(造)(成)(了)(福)(岛)(核)(电)(站)(的)(泄)(露)(。
  时)(隔)(5年)(,这)(里)(的)(辐)(射)(依)(然)(没)(有)(衰)(弱)(干)(净)(,在)(福)(岛)(外)(围)(地)(区)(,辐)(射)(剂)(量)(达)(到)(了)(2.22微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(,而)(继)(续)(深)(入)(,在)(福)(岛)(核)(心)(区)(域)(,辐)(射)(剂)(量)(已)(经)(到)(达)(了)(5-10微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(!
  7、切)(尔)(诺)(贝)(利)(
  在)(切)(尔)(诺)(贝)(利)(,小)(哥)(站)(在)(当)(年)(爆)(炸)(的)(发)(电)(机)(组)(外)(围)(附)(近)(检)(测)(,这)(时)(空)(气)(中)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(已)(经)(达)(到)(了)(5.16微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(。而)(当)(小)(哥)(继)(续)(前)(行)(,来)(到)(当)(年)(消)(防)(员)(们)(休)(息)(的)(医)(院)(时)(,惊)(人)(的)(一)(幕)(出)(现)(了)(。
  在)(这)(座)(已)(经)(荒)(废)(已)(久)(的)(医)(院)(地)(下)(室)(,堆)(满)(了)(当)(年)(参)(与)(救)(援)(行)(动)(时)(消)(防)(员)(们)(的)(衣)(物)(。刚)(进)(入)(地)(下)(室)(后)(,小)(哥)(手)(中)(的)(盖)(格)(计)(数)(器)(便)(警)(笛)(大)(作)(,此)(时)(空)(气)(中)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(达)(到)(了)(惊)(人)(的)(83.1微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(。
  而)(当)(小)(哥)(靠)(近)(当)(年)(消)(防)(员)(的)(衣)(物)(时)(,盖)(格)(计)(数)(器)(的)(鸣)(叫)(声)(由)(急)(促)(变)(成)(了)(长)(鸣)(,数)(字)(也)(从)(1500微)(西)(弗)(每)(小)(时)(直)(线)(上)(升)(至)(“OVERLOAD!”爆)(表)(了)(!此)(时)(摄)(影)(机)(也)(开)(始)(受)(到)(干)(扰)(,小)(哥)(说)(话)(的)(声)(音)(也)(变)(的)(含)(糊)(不)(清)(,太)(可)(怕)(了)(!
  据)(小)(哥)(表)(示)(,日)(常)(生)(活)(中)(我)(们)(一)(年)(时)(间)(所)(受)(到)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(为)(2000微)(西)(弗)(;做)(一)(次)(CT扫)(描)(是)(7000微)(西)(弗)(;而)(宇)(航)(员)(每)(年)(则)(要)(受)(到)(80000微)(西)(弗)(的)(辐)(射)(,但)(这)(些)(都)(不)(是)(重)(点)(。
  小)(哥)(称)(,世)(界)(上)(受)(到)(辐)(射)(最)(大)(的)(一)(批)(人)(是)(烟)(民)(们)(。
  吸)(烟)(者)(每)(年)(都)(会)(受)(到)(160000微)(西)(弗)(的)(辐)(射)(剂)(量)(,这)(些)(辐)(射)(来)(自)(于)(烟)(草)(中)(的)(放)(射)(性)(钋)(与)(放)(射)(性)(铅)(,所)(以)(不)(仅)(吸)(烟)(会)(增)(加)(患)(肺)(癌)(的)(几)(率)(,还)(会)(让)(人)(每)(年)(受)(到)(大)(量)(的)(辐)(射)(。吸)(烟)(真)(是)(太)(可)(怕)(了)(!
  看)(完)(了)(视)(频)(,引)(用)(网)(友)(的)(一)(句)(评)(论)(“我)(站)(在)(切)(尔)(诺)(贝)(利)(中)(心)(,莫)(名)(的)(忧)(愁)(浮)(现)(心)(头)(,只)(得)(点)(起)(一)(根)(忘)(忧)(烟)(......”
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