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数九、进补、祭祖先

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月21日 17:13:01
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(  新)(华)(网)(天)(津)(12月)(22日)(电)((记)(者)(周)(润)(健)()22日)(12时)(48分)(,我)(国)(迎)(来)(“冬)(至)(”节)(气)(,进)(入)(数)(九)(寒)(天)(。专)(家)(指)(出)(,冬)(至)(不)(仅)(是)(重)(要)(节)(气)(,还)(是)(古)(老)(的)(节)(日)(和)(宝)(贵)(的)(非)(物)(质)(文)(化)(遗)(产)(。我)(国)(民)(间)(素)(有)(“冬)(至)(大)(如)(年)(”“肥)(冬)(瘦)(年)(”之)(说)(。  “吃)(了)(冬)(至)(饭)(,一)(天)(长)(一)(线)(”  天)(津)(市)(天)(文)(学)(会)(理)(事)(赵)(之)(珩)(介)(绍)(说)(,每)(年)(公)(历)(12月)(22日)(左)(右)(为)(冬)(至)(。冬)(至)(这)(天)(,北)(半)(球)(白)(昼)(最)(短)(,夜)(晚)(最)(长)(,所)(以)(冬)(至)(在)(我)(国)(历)(代)(也)(称)(为)(“日)(短)(”“日)(短)(至)(”“日)(南)(至)(”。  过)(了)(冬)(至)(,白)(天)(就)(会)(一)(天)(天)(变)(长)(。《素)(问)(脉)(要)(精)(微)(论)(》说)(:“冬)(至)(四)(十)(五)(日)(,阳)(气)(微)(上)(,阴)(气)(微)(下)(。”意)(思)(是)(说)(,从)(这)(天)(以)(后)(到)(立)(春)(的)(45天)(,阳)(气)(渐)(升)(,阴)(气)(渐)(降)(,白)(昼)(渐)(渐)(变)(长)(,夜)(晚)(渐)(渐)(变)(短)(。  在)(民)(间)(,有)(“吃)(了)(冬)(至)(饭)(,一)(天)(长)(一)(线)(”的)(说)(法)(。冬)(至)(后)(白)(昼)(时)(间)(日)(渐)(增)(长)(,但)(在)(短)(期)(内)(气)(温)(仍)(继)(续)(下)(降)(。1月)(在)(我)(国)(大)(部)(分)(地)(区)(都)(是)(最)(冷)(的)(月)(份)(,故)(民)(间)(有)(“冬)(至)(不)(过)(不)(冷)(”之)(说)(。  “今)(年)(冬)(令)(补)(,明)(年)(可)(打)(虎)(”  “三)(九)(补)(一)(冬)(,来)(年)(无)(病)(痛)(;今)(年)(冬)(令)(补)(,明)(年)(可)(打)(虎)(。”养)(生)(保)(健)(专)(家)(指)(出)(,冬)(至)(这)(一)(天)(,阴)(极)(阳)(生)(,人)(体)(内)(阳)(气)(蓬)(勃)(,最)(易)(吸)(收)(外)(来)(的)(营)(养)(。因)(此)(,冬)(至)(前)(后)(是)(进)(补)(的)(最)(好)(时)(机)(,不)(仅)(消)(寒)(,还)(能)(强)(健)(身)(体)(。  天)(津)(中)(医)(药)(大)(学)(第)(一)(附)(属)(医)(院)(营)(养)(科)(主)(任)(李)(艳)(玲)(提)(示)(,冬)(季)(气)(温)(过)(低)(,人)(体)(为)(了)(保)(持)(一)(定)(的)(热)(量)(,必)(须)(增)(加)(体)(内)(糖)(、脂)(肪)(和)(蛋)(白)(质)(的)(分)(解)(,以)(产)(生)(更)(多)(能)(量)(。所)(以)(,必)(须)(多)(吃)(富)(含)(糖)(、脂)(肪)(、蛋)(白)(质)(和)(维)(生)(素)(的)(食)(物)(,如)(米)(、面)(、肉)(类)(、蛋)(类)(、奶)(、豆)(等)(。  她)(说)(,冬)(至)(时)(节)(,气)(候)(寒)(冷)(,会)(影)(响)(泌)(尿)(系)(统)(。排)(尿)(增)(多)(,随)(之)(排)(出)(的)(钠)(、钾)(、钙)(等)(无)(机)(盐)(也)(较)(多)(,因)(此)(应)(多)(吃)(富)(含)(钾)(、钠)(、钙)(等)(无)(机)(盐)(的)(食)(物)(。  “冬)(至)(大)(如)(年)(”  冬)(至)(在)(我)(国)(古)(代)(是)(一)(个)(重)(要)(节)(日)(。民)(俗)(专)(家)(介)(绍)(,古)(人)(认)(为)(,冬)(至)(过)(后)(,阳)(气)(上)(升)(,十)(分)(吉)(祥)(,值)(得)(庆)(贺)(,因)(此)(又)(称)(冬)(至)(为)(“冬)(节)(”“交)(冬)(”“贺)(冬)(”“亚)(岁)(”“一)(阳)(节)(”和)(“消)(寒)(节)(”等)(等)(。古)(人)(以)(冬)(至)(为)(二)(十)(四)(节)(气)(的)(起)(点)(,更)(有)(“冬)(至)(大)(如)(年)(”之)(说)(。  从)(周)(代)(起)(,冬)(至)(就)(有)(祭)(祀)(活)(动)(;汉)(朝)(以)(冬)(至)(为)(“冬)(节)(”,官)(府)(要)(举)(行)(祝)(贺)(仪)(式)(,称)(为)(“贺)(冬)(”,例)(行)(放)(假)(;唐)(宋)(时)(期)(,冬)(至)(是)(祭)(祀)(的)(日)(子)(,皇)(帝)(要)(举)(行)(祭)(天)(大)(典)(,而)(民)(间)(百)(姓)(要)(向)(父)(母)(尊)(长)(祭)(拜)(,饮)(“冬)(至)(酒)(”,以)(表)(达)(对)(先)(辈)(的)(缅)(怀)(和)(对)(未)(来)(的)(憧)(憬)(;明)(清)(时)(代)(,民)(间)(有)(“肥)(冬)(瘦)(年)(”之)(说)(。每)(到)(冬)(至)(这)(一)(天)(,皇)(帝)(要)(亲)(自)(举)(行)(郊)(祭)(,即)(祭)(天)(,百)(官)(要)(进)(表)(朝)(贺)(。  民)(俗)(专)(家)(表)(示)(,随)(着)(时)(代)(发)(展)(,冬)(至)(的)(节)(日)(重)(要)(性)(大)(大)(降)(低)(,但)(各)(地)(仍)(有)(不)(同)(的)(冬)(至)(风)(俗)(。例)(如)(,北)(方)(地)(区)(冬)(至)(宰)(羊)(、吃)(饺)(子)(,南)(方)(地)(区)(吃)(冬)(至)(米)(团)(、冬)(至)(长)(线)(面)(。此)(外)(,一)(些)(地)(方)(还)(会)(在)(冬)(至)(祭)(祀)(、祭)(祖)(、扫)(墓)(。  作)(者)(:周)(润)(健)(
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